A brief history
The art of meditation comes from deep within our pre-history, pre-dating all the currently practiced worlds’ religions. No body can be sure about its exact age, but experts know that our ancient forebears practiced a type of meditation and recorded these higher states of consciousness as cave drawings or paintings. It was only through study of what are now called ‘primitive cultures’ can these parallels be drawn, especially from the Aborigines, Indonesian and South American tribes.
In terms of recorded history the earliest references come from two sources the Tantras of India that are about 5000 years old, an Indian Sage called Patanjali, described the process by which the capacity to meditate is actualised. He called it "Self Realisation" since, in the state of meditation, he experienced an absolute awareness of his "Self". There is very little then until Buddha (he was known as Siddhartha Gotama) in about 500BC and has been Iconic with meditation ever since, and it was his own experimentation with meditation that led to his own enlightenment.
It wasn’t until the 14th Century that Gyaneshwara of Central India was granted permission to translate some of these ancient Sanskrit texts into other languages. However they were not translated into European languages until several centuries later.
The practice of meditation is one of learning to still your mind to bring about a greater state of relaxation, starting first with breathing and visualisation techniques. There are hundreds of different techniques or styles of meditation most of which have only existed since the 1960’s, and they range from shouting and screaming, to get rid of stress and tension through to transcendental practises. If you would like to learn more specific types of meditation then please contact us, stately the areas you would like to pursue, thanks.